Chronology of the Life of Hezekiah Mitchell and Sarah Mallinson Mitchell
Taken from Hezekiah Mitchell's Journals and other sources
By Sidney F. Mitchell
In 1967 my wife and I traveled to Logan, Utah, to visit Edgar Bentley Mitchell, grandson of Hezekiah Mitchell and Sarah Mitchell. He had in his possession a number of journals written by Hezekiah Mitchell. Uncle Edgar consented to our taking the journals to a copy machine and making photocopies of many of the journals. He also related to us his memory of the history of the family. This chronology consists of Uncle Edgar's recollections along with excerpts from the journals of Hezekiah Mitchell. An attempt was made to include those portions of the journals that gave some insight into him, his family, and his life and to show his connection with the events of his day. Another source used is a history written by Adelia Horrocks Cameron, a granddaughter of Hezekiah Mitchell. She used his journals to write a history of his life and in addition, included her own memories of stories told to her by her mother. Some of Mrs. Cameron's recollections of Hezekiah's life will be included in this history. Sidney F. Mitchell
31 May 1810
Hezekiah Mitchell was born on 31 May 1810 in Simmondly, Derbyshire, England, the son of Thomas Mitchell and Martha Haigh Mitchell.
16 November 1810
Sarah Mallinson was born on 16 November 1810 in Pittsmoor, Yorkshire, England, the daughter of John Mallinson and Mary Shaw.
NOTE-ORGANIZATION OF THE CHURCH: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized on 6 April 1830 in Fayette, New York.
7 October 1832
Hezekiah Mitchell and Sarah Mallinson were married on 7 October 1832 in Manchester, Lancashire, England.
11 August 1833
A son, Martin Luther Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England.
14 July 1835
A son, Frederick Augustus Herman Frank Mitchell, was born on 14 July 1835 to Hezekiah and Sarah in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England.
20 August 1836
Martin Luther Mitchell died as an infant on 20 August 1836 in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England.
22 July 1837
A daughter, Lavinia Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 27 July 1837 in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. On the birth certificate Hezekiah's occupation was referred to as "Millwright." Their residence was listed as Hanover Street. The birth was registered in the registration sub-district of Lower Ecclesall Bierlow, County of York.
19 October 1839
A daughter, Priscilla Victoria Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 19 October 1839 in Liverpool, Lancaster, England.
20 March 1842
A daughter, Martha Ann Mallinson Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 20 March 1842 in Liverpool, Lancaster, England. Hezekiah's occupation was listed on the birth certificate as "School Master." The residence of the family was listed as Virgil Street. The mother, Sarah, signed the birth certificate by making her mark, and "x."
4 May 1842
Martha Ann Mallinson Mitchell died on 4 May 1842, in Liverpool, Lancaster, England at the age of six weeks. The cause of death in the death certificate was listed as "Accidentally overlain by her mother." The residence of the family was listed as "Virgil Street." Hezekiah's occupation is listed as "Teacher."
14 April 1843
A daughter, Maria Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 14 April 1843 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England. In the birth certificate the family residence was listed as "Burlington Street." Hezekiah's occupation was listed as "School Master."
16 November 1844
Hezekiah Mitchell was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Very little is written of his life before he joined the Church, however, in an entry dated 22 August 1847 he stated that he had been a Methodist preacher for eight years. In an entry dated 3 September 1848 he wrote that he had left the Methodist Church to join the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Recollections of Edgar B. Mitchell, grandson of Hezekiah Mitchell (1967):
"Hezekiah Mitchell had been a student at Oxford. While there he learned stenography. Later when he came to Utah, he was the only man in the Territory that could take shorthand. He became Clerk of the Territorial Court because of his ability to take shorthand. Hezekiah was a minister of the Methodist Church. He met and heard the first Mormon missionaries that came to Great Britain. He was a student of the Bible. His major had been religion, and he believed that the missionaries were preaching the truth. When the governing board of the church found out about his beliefs, they came to see him. He told them, "Gentlemen, this religion the Mormons are teaching is the truth." He said, "I am a student of the Bible and I know we are not preaching the truth, but we are trying to improve people. What we should do is incorporate the Mormon religion into ours." They said, "Well, brother, you're off the beam and if you don't quit it you know what will happen." He told them that if that is true then to issue their ultimatum. I don't know how long it took for them to turn him out onto the street, but that's what they did. They had just paid him enough to live from month to month and they provided his home. So, he was destitute and penniless. Some of the people that had joined the church were well-to-do people and they took the family in, gave them shelter until Hezekiah could get a job. It wasn't long until he found a job. He moved his family to Sheffield and there learned the machinist's trade. He worked there long enough to earn steerage passage to America on a sailing vessel. It took him five years to earn enough money."
Adelia Horrocks Cameron:
"At the time Hezekiah accepted the gospel, his family and friends turned against him. His father told him never to come to his home again. He was unable to get employment; his family suffered in many ways, but nothing shattered their faith. Grandmother was compelled to do dressmaking to help support the family. Grandfather was told repeatedly, "If you will give up Joe Smith, you can work for us at any time." He was compelled to write his father and brother for money, but only once in his journal is there a record of him going to the post office and receiving a small amount of money from Ruben, his brother."
24 November 1844
Sarah Mallinson Mitchell was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
2 February 1845
In a journal entry dated 12 July 1849 Hezekiah records that he received the priesthood "in 1845 on the 2nd of February."
27 November 1845
Frederick Augustus Herman Frank Mitchell was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by his father, Hezekiah.
14 April 1846
A daughter, Elizabeth Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 14 April 1846 in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. In the birth certificate Hezekiah's occupation is listed as "Engineer." The residence of the family is listed as "Matilda Street, Sheffield."
12 July 1846
Hezekiah began a journal on 12 July 1846. There were earlier notations but they consisted of a list of persons baptized and did not describe other events. Almost all the entries dealt with Hezekiah's work for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He writes nothing of his work and very little of his home life. He does mention that he lived at "106 Matilda St. or 12 Cumberland St." Occasionally he refers to having dealings with his "shop-mates," such, as preaching the gospel to them. He served as the clerk for the Sheffield Conference. He had the ability to record by shorthand. He would record the minutes of Conference meetings and then send them to the headquarters in Liverpool. He wrote of baptisms performed in the Young Street Bath and the Cook's Bath on Bridge Street in Sheffield. He wrote of many occasions of having administered to the sick. He writes of preaching in Attercliff Commons.
He was made the President of a newly formed branch of the Church in Darnell. He traveled to Darnell on many occasions and conducted meetings with the members of the branch.
He wrote of attending Fellowship meetings held in the Hall of Science on Rockingham Street in Sheffield. He would often speak in those meetings. One of the themes that recurred in his sermons was "the privileges and blessings of the renewed covenant. On 4 March 1847 he wrote a piece for the Sheffield Times in which he explained the principles of the Church.
On 7 March 1847 he spoke to the branch in Darnell and told "what members were present to be careful to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace and never on any occasion speake evil of the Priesthood. Also, whatever they set their hands to do it in rightiousness and with all their might…"
Hezekiah engaged frequently in missionary activities. On 24 March 1847 he and another elder called on another man, a Mr. Parkinson, to teach him of the gospel. Apparently Mr. Parkinson's daughter had joined the Church. Hezekiah said that Mr. Parkinson was so self-righteous he would not allow them to speak. Hezekiah wrote: "I felt my Mormon bloot to boil in me that I was determined to bear a faithful testimony to the gospel and clear myself of his blood, having done so, and refered to the scriptures for the truth of my statements, at which he stormed, in fact several of the family trembled as well as he did, I never saw one manifest a worse spirit but one, and that was when Elder P. P. Pratt lectured in the Town Hall Sheffield, just such spirits murdered Joseph Smith."
He sold gospel tracts to the members, such as, the Millenial Star, Oliver Cowdery's Letters, Orson Spencer's Letters, and the Voice of Warning. He sold copies of the Book of Mormon. He also read these works. His journal writing's indicate that he was very conversant with the Bible. When he spoke with someone of the gospel he would lay down evidence from the scriptures of what he was saying.
15 May 1847
Hezekiah wrote in his journal: "Attended special counsel to take into consideration the properity of Dividing the town into four wards at which meeting I was chosen presidint. We divided the town and apointed the priest and teachers to visit the saints in each ward, also presidents were chosen to preside over each ward to see that the officers attended to their duty, I was chosen by the unanimous voice of the counsel for the presiding of the ward."
7 June 1847
Hezekiah wrote: "Read a portion of the history of the reformation, saw clearly that the religious part of mankind have allways been first, and foremost in persecuting the saints in all ages, so it is now."
4 July 1847
Lavinia Mitchell was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by her father, Hezekiah Mitchell.
3 August 1847
In an entry dated 3 August 1847 Hezekiah recorded an experience confronting a man who had falled away from the Church: "Went to see if I could get a few back numbers of the 3rd and 2nd volumes of the star (Millenial Star) from Mr. Clark who was some time since a member of our church. He went to America awhile ago and instead of searching for the saints he got entangled with apostates who spoke evil of Joseph and the Twelve, saying they were all fallen and consequently wrong, therefore, he drank in with the same spirit, till finally he was cutt off from the church. As soon as I went into his house he began as all apostates do to speak evil of the head, that is the Twelve, I allowed him to finish speaking then I began and in the first place told him the twelve were right and I was perfectly satisfied with them and would continue to uphold them; now you say they are out of the way and bad men, leading the saints to somewere they know not. I answer to this objection what does Christ say in 7 chapter of Matthew 16, 17, 18, and 19 verses? Since then you see from what Christ says; if these men were corrupt all the church would be corrupt also, but they are the best men on earth, are upright in their dealings. They are men of God and I know it. I have had four of them in my house, never saw anything deragatory to their charicters as men and as Apostles of the church. As an illustration you are aware the first presidency here was sick and out of the way and the whole body became sick too. Now three of the twelve viz. Orson Hyde, John Taylor and Parley P. Pratt were sent by special manifestation of the spirit to come and set the church in order and remove the cloud. They have done their work like men of God and the church is now thriving on every hand. The gifts and blessings are made manifest on every hand as the spirit willeth yes!! it is right. I will ask you a question or two Mr. Clark, well. It is you that is wrong and not the Twelve, speak the sentiment of your mind without equivocation, "I am wrong I believe the twelve are right.
"…Daniel says; and I know it is right, that this Kingdom should never be destroyed, nor given to other people how could Strang be a prophet when he was never ordained by Joseph, in fact, he was scarsly heard of (after he had been ordained to be an elder and Joseph would not give him a license) until Joseph's death; besides, if Joseph had been a fallen prophet as such like have said, he would have had power to ordain another in his stead, consequently Strang was never ordained to that office and if he has seen an angel, it will be one from hell like himself…Now I will tell you what to do, repent and be baptized again and do your first works."
24 August 1847
Hezekiah wrote, "I rejoice in the work. My motto is onward in the name of Jesus."
22 March 1848
In his entry of 22 March 1848 Hezekiah wrote about an announcement he composed concerning a conference meeting to be held:
"He that hath ears to hear let him hear.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The above church will hold their quarterly conference on Sunday, March 26th in the Hall of Science, Rockingham Street. Service to commence at ten O'clock in the forenoon, tow in the afternoon and six in the evening, when the state of the Church in the various branches composing the Sheffield Conference will be represented by their presidents. It is expected that Orson Spencer A. B. President of the Church of Jesus Christ in Europe will be present; also other distinguished advocates of the cause of truth. Divine service is held every Sunday in the Hall of Science, at half past ten in the morning. The lovers of truth are affectionately invited to attend and hear for themselves."
24 May 1848
On 24 May 1848 be recorded a portion of a letter he had written to his father:
". ...You say that Joseph Smith was murdered, yes he was, but not for whordom and thieving as you say, but for the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. You say he deserved it, but I say he did not. He was the best man that has been on the earth since the days of Christ and I know he was a true prophet of the Lord. I would advise you to be careful what you say with reference to Joseph Smith for he was one of the Lord's anointed. You say if you was with me you could read me a lesson. I suppose it would be false as all the rest are, for the devil is never fast to make use of apostates to believe the truth. You say that you are astonished that any of your children are Latter-day Saints but I rejoice in being one and you will never get into the kingdom of God untill you are born of the water and spirit and then you will be a Latter-day Saint. I have read Galatians 1:8-9, Second Epistle of John 9, 10, 11. The truth always makes people uneasy, obey the truth and it will make you free. You ask if my religion teaches me to turn my back on my wife and children. No but on the contrary it says, 'Husbands love your wives even as Christ loved the church and gave himself for it.' It says also 'Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as unto the Lord, for the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church and he is the savior of the body.' Now my dear father, I testify unto you that Joseph Smith is a true prophet of the Lord, that the church of Jesus Christ is the only true church upon the face of the earth. I mean that of the Latter-day Saints and out of it there is no salvation in the celestial kingdom of God. The saints of God have had persecution in all ages of the world, they have it now. I have my portion with the rest and I rejoice in it to be counted worthy to suffer for Christ's sake, before I will part with my religion, even that from heaven I will lay down my life as Joseph Smith did for it is of God and all hell and wicked men are against the truth, let them kick, the kingdom will never be destroyed, but it shall progress. We intend going to America as soon as we can. Do you ask why; because the Lord has commanded us to gather. If you loved Christ you would keep his commandments.
'Father, it is not with any ill feelings which makes me talk so plain, but it is with a sincere desire for your salvation. Read those passages which I mentioned in my first letter. Go and hear the saints for yourself and prove them by the word of God.
I remain your loving son Hez. Mitchell
P.S. Brother George is not a saint yet, but I wish I could say you were all such an one as myself, then I know you would be heirs of the salvation and sons of God.
30 July 1848
In his entry of 22 July 1848 Hezekiah wrote of writing an announcement of a camp meeting to be held at the Broomhall Cricket ground on 30 July 1848. Hezekiah and others spoke at the camp meeting. There was a person present at the meeting who denounced Joseph Smith and Mormonism. He was so angry Hezekiah said he foamed at the mouth and would have attacked them physically if he had been able. Hezekiah wrote: "I rejoice in being counted worthy to suffer persecution for the gospel's sake."
2 September 1848
His travels for the Church took him to Chesterfield ("Went to the station and rode to Chesterfield from the Wicker Station, Sheffield"). The next day he and his compantion, Elder Rodger, walked from Chesterfield to Mansfield in the County of Nottinghamshire "a neat and pleasant market town, beautifully situated in a valley near Nottingham Forest." He and his companion preached in the market place of Mansfield. On 4 September they walked back to Chesterfield and while there Hezekiah recorded the names of the persons in the Chesterfield branch. On 9 September Hezekiah and Elder Rodgers went back to Mansfield and rented a room from a Mrs. Lindley. To announce their presence in the area they prepared a bill which read: "Truth is mighty and will prevail. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have taken the large and commodious room, belonging to Mrs. Lindley, sign of the Waggon and Coals, Ratcliffe-gate, for public preaching, on Lord's day; when important subjects, which immediately refer to the present momentous period of time, will be delivered. Divine service to commence at 2 in the afternoon, and 6 in the evening. All lovers of truth are affectionately invited to attend. Mansfield, Sep. 11th, 1848." On 11 September they traveled to Boulsover an "ancient place with a castle on the top of the hill." The next day Hezekiah returned to Chesterfield and preached to the Saints there. Then on 13 September he returned to his home in Sheffield.
1 October 1848
This day was a Sunday. He walked nine miles to Eckington "an ancient looking place with a church and two chapels." He visited with some members there and then went to Ridgeway to visit members there. From Ridgeway he walked to Woodhouse. He walked about twenty miles that day. In the days that followed Hezekiah walked again the Attercliff and Eckington and to Marsh-lane, Burley Vale, Rotherham, Doncaster, Cranmore, Pilley, Stambro, Hambro, and Hansworth.
26 October 1848
On 26 October 1848 Orson Spencer visited Sheffield. Hezekiah presented him with a poem he had written on 24 October commemorating his visit and he wrote that Orson Spencer "received them kindly."
8 January 1849
Hezekiah wrote of reading from the Times and Seasons.
15 January 1849
Hezekiah attended a meeting in Rotherham where members had met to say goodbye to Saints there that were leaving for America. He wrote: "I sang a few verses which I had composed for the occasion and dedicated them to Elders Wood, Parks, White and others."
11 March 1849
Priscilla Victoria Mitchell was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
25 March 1849
Hezekiah, in his capacity as Conference clerk, wrote that the "conference now numbers 1503, 322 baptized, 57 emigrated and 5 deaths, two new branches were organized. Valuable teachings from Elders Dunn Rodger and Elders John and Will Dunn from Manchester 24 branches. The devil rages with fury but we fear him not. Crowded congregations all the day. Some Apostates tried to disturb us in the afternoon."
6 April 1849
On this day Hezekiah wrote in his journal:
"This is an important date, a day which will ever be remembered and kept in memorys archives by the saints of God because nineteen years since the Church of Jesus Christ was re-organized by special direction from God of heaven; that is on sixth of April 1830 North America with six members Joseph Smith being the first Apostle, prophit, seer and Revelator of the said church. Since that time wicked men have tried to put down the work, the church has had to wade chin deep in persecution, the church was driven from Kirtland, and she went to the state of Missouri and from there she was hunted, robbed, persecuted, shot, at by those who professed to be christians; her head officers were chased like some who have been guilty of the worst of crimes, some were imprisoned others were crully tormented, some shot, while others made their escape, and ultimately, the rest were barbrously driven from Missouri at a great loss of property after this the church found shelter in the state of Illinois when she began to gain strength, were thousands gathered and built by their unified efferts a beautiful city (called Nauvoo) and a magnificent Temple in the short space of about five years; but in the midst of this, she had a great fight of affliction to contend with, from false brethren, and the power of darkness who were in open battle against her; till at last, after a long thirst for the blood of Joseph and Hyrum, they suckseeded in taking the lives of these two noble hearted men in Carthage jail, in a short time after this, the church was driven with hellish rage in the inclement season of the year into the wilderness at the point of swords and bayanot, at a greater loss then ever, to find shelter in the wide spreading praries of America; many have died in the wilderness through the ill usage of persecution the inclement season of winter, and nessaries of life, who's blood the Judge of all the earth will require at their hands, for the injury that has been done to his people because of the testimony of Jesus and the word of God. The greater part of the church has gone to the Great Salt Lake valley, where a perminent stake is lade out, which, shall never be surrendered to any foe however formadable they may be, but is the nuclis of one of the greatest kingdoms that ever was set upon the earth "it shall never be destroyed nor given to other people" but will stand for ever. A standard is lifted so that all nations may flow unto it, as spoken of by the prophets, and holy men of God, she is now taking a position amongst the nations which will cause them to fear who are not of God, and least not on the true foundation which has been laid by the Almighty himself."
9 May 1849
A son, Ebenezer Israel Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 9 May 1849 in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. Hezekiah wrote in his journal for that date: "My wife was safly delivered of a male child, a fine healthy boy…he landed here from the regions of light at five minutes to six O'clock in the evening to work out for himself an higher degree of glory by keeping his second estate….We named him Ebenezer Israel." On the birth certificate the family residence is listed as 106 Matilda Street, Sheffield. Hezekiah's occupation is listed as "teacher and fitter."
6 June 1849
Ebenezer Israel Mitchell died in Sheffield on 6 June 1849. Hezekiah had been in Chesterfield meeting with the members of the Church. Hezekiah wrote in his journal: "When I got home I found that monster death had taken one of my family, this was rather a hard task or trial, but the will of the Lord be done. Ebenezer Israel died at ½ half past 5 O'clock in the morning. Sleep little baby, Till resurrection morn. When Christ shall call thee forth. To live with us again. A pleasing smile rested on his face when he died, he looked beautiful, but he will look more so in the morning of the resurrection." In the death certificate the cause of death is listed as "Convulsions, not certified." Hezekiah's occupation is listed as "turner." The family residence is listed as "106 Matilda Street, Sheffield." Ebenezer was buried at the St. Mary's Church in Sheffield on 10 June 1849. The minister of that church conducted the services, perhaps because the Mormon elders were not licensed to officiate. Hezekiah wrote: "The minister made use of many strange expressions that are not in the bible nor anywhere else, in the religion of Jesus Christ, but may be found in mystery babylon to a great extent. Preached this night in the Hall of Science, felt it rather hard to speak…"
24 June 1849
A quarterly conference was held of the Sheffield Conference. Hezekiah was again elected as the clerk of the conference ("this is the 15th time I have been chosen clerk"). He recorded that there were now 1723 members in the conference, 267 having been baptized in the previous quarter.
28 June 1849
Throughout his life Hezekiah had great faith in the healing power of the priesthood. He recorded numerous entries where he administered to his family and others when they were ailing. On 28 June 1849 Hezekiah recorded: "About twelve months ago, my youngest daughter Elizabeth, was ill of the measles, and they came out pretty well and we thought she would soon recover, having retired to bed as usial, I placed a table by the bed side, we went to sleep, and about 1 or 2 o'clock we were awakened up by the table being thrown over; when I instantly jumped out of bed, set the table on its legs, then found the matches as soon as I could to get a light, and Behold!! to our astonishment the child was dedd to all appearance, for she was stretched out, eyes set, her face very much discolored, as well as other parts of the body, and all the measles had entirely gone in, my wife said she is dead. I told her to be still, for I was enabled by the spirit to possess myself. I examined her carefully to see if the spirit had left the body, and when I found that she did not breath and there was no motion of the pulse, nor move in the jugler vein, and by a gentle shake which I gave the child, I then said with my wife she is dead; but be still and I will lay my hands on her, and see what the Lord will do for us according to the order of God's house. I laid my hands on her and in the name of Jesus commanded her to rise and come to herself, but no movement whatever. I had faith still in the ordinance, and I knew that faith like mine must prevail; consequently, I laid hands on again in the name of the Lord Jesus and the spirit of the child returned, and she gasped a few times, then it returned to its natural colour and was in appearance one of the most lovely little girls that I ever saw, for the measles were rebuked from her system too, we thanked God for such power, then laid down and slept comfortably till morning. To God be the Glory."
12 July 1849
Hezekiah wrote he "was led to take a general view of what I had done since I received the priesthood in 1845 on the 2nd of February. He had baptized 172 persons, had administered to the sick, and traveled 2074 miles to preach the gospel. He had sold copies of the Millenial Star, the Book of Mormon, the Voice of Warning, hymn books, Spencer's Letters, Martin's Treatise, Divine Authorities, Remarkable Visions, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the "General Epistle of the Twelve." He wrote that he had preached the gospel in streets, workshops, houses, railway carriages, and the open air ("wherever I could recommend the principles by giving tracts and speaking of the gospel"). He wrote that he had served for two years as the president of the Darnall branch until most of the members of the branch had moved into other places, whereupon the remaining members were assigned to the Attercliff branch. Hezekiah was then appointed to preside over the Hambro and Pilley branches. He wrote "I have had to suffer much for the work, been out of work for a great while…and withall supported a wife and 5 children to God be the glory." He wrote that he had Apostles Woodruff, Hyde, P.P. Pratt, and Taylor to eat, drink, and sleep in his home. Hezekiah recounted many other things he had done for the work of the Church.
16 October 1849
In the latter part of October, 1849 Hezekiah continued his work for the Church. His travels took him from Sheffield to Stavely. There he met with President Dunn. He walked four miles to Chesterfield, and then six miles to Bolsover. He met with the Saints at these places. He walked eight miles from Mansfield to Bolsover. He rode from Nottingham from Mansfield and there met with the Saints at the Durham Ox. He walked to Ison Green, two miles from Nottingham. He left Nottingham for Radford Station and rode to Mansfield. He walked three miles to Woodhouse. He spoke to some members there. He walked eight miles to Bolsover, then walked six miles to Mansfield. On 24 October 1849 Hezekiah rode seventeen miles to his home in Sheffield and found his family well ("thank the Lord for the same"). In his journal entry of 27 October 1849 he recorded: "Made ready to go to Liverpool so sail for America on the first of November." He recorded that on 28 October he rode to Rotherham and visited members. Then he wrote: "I now resign my office of clerk which I have held from February 17, 1845 to Oct 30, 1849."
NOTE: At the time of the journey across the ocean the family consisted of Hezekiah, age 39, Martha, age 38, Frederick, age 14, Lavinia, age 12, Priscilla, age 10, Maria, age 6, and Elizabeth, age 3.
JOURNAL OF HEZEKIAH MITCHELL
CROSSING THE OCEAN
Left Sheffield for Liverpool by Railroad, a very many saints were there to bid us good by, got to Liverpool in safty we were met at the station by president Dunn; went on bord the ship Zetland to sleep. Had some difficulty to find a comfortable place for me and family to sleep, but found a very good one.
Recollections of Edgar B. Mitchell, grandson of Hezekiah Mitchell (1967):
"He had a brother living in Liverpool. He was a well-to-do man having inherited their father's estate. When he had been discharged from his post as minister he had appealed to his brother for help but had been refused any. When Hezekiah was ready to leave for America, he wrote his brother telling him that he was leaving on a certain date for America and that he would like to see him and say goodbye. His brother wrote back to him and told him and if it were his funeral he would be glad to come, but if he was following Joe Smith he never wanted to see or hear from him again. He never did. When my father, Frederick, went back to England and searched the history of the family, he met the daughter of this Uncle of his. She was an old maid, and an artist who was quite highly thought of. She invited father in and treated him royally."
Wednesday 31 Oct 1849
Had a short interview with elder Pratt and others at the office, heard my name read over by the clerk in elder Hawkins book, then elder Dunn gave me our clearance for to go on the vessel.
Thursday 1 of Nov 1849
Slept on bord for the first time, not very comfortable because we had not room enough, but was thankful that we could rejoice in the God of our salvation.
Was called on to lay hands on a girl that was sick, she recovered; directly to God be the glory. We had singing and dancing and the reciting of pieces to our joy.
We all passed again before the docter and others.
Went to the Music Hall in Bold St. Heard a good plain discourse. After the sacrament the meeting was given into our hands. I then spoke by way of testimony and rejoiced very much while speaking…Heard President Pratt preach in the evening. Rejoiced much this day in the Lord.
Monday 5 Nov 1849
Chosen to be the first of a committee to assist president Hawkins in giving out provisions and keeping order. Gave out some provisions this day.
Called to assist in laying hands on sister Mycock who had fallen down the atch-way and appeared to be dead. Elders Hawkins and Henderson with myself administered to her in the name of the Lord. She derived much good from it, very windy to day, so that we could not put out into the river
Laid hands on elder Devenport in connection with elders Hawkins and Henderson, not so windy this morning, but wet and foggy, Sailed out of the Stanly Dock into the river this day about 1/2 past 3 O'clock. Conversed with president Hawkins and Henderson on the best way to appoint officers for the government of the ships company. We called a meeting of the saints and had elder Hawkins appointment to the presidency by President Pratt. Then it was moved by elder Henderson and 2nd by me that we accept the appointment of Samuel H. Hawkins, as president. Also moved by myself that elder Andrew W. Henderson be first counsellor. Moved by myself that elder Thomas Biggs be second counsellor. Moved by elder Henderson and seconded by elder Wilden that elder Hezekiah Mitchell stand the first and next to the first Presidency, to see that order is kept; also the following were chosen Elders T. Davenport, J. Muir, James Crawford; Priests Charles Ashton, Henry Tingey, Richard Varlah, John Burnside. The order will stand as follows: Elder Hawkins President, Counsellors Elders Henderson and Biggs. Of the committee to assist, Elders H. Mitchell president of the same, Elders T. Davenport, J. Muir, J. Crawford; Priests C. Ashton, H. Tingey, R. Varlay, J. Burnside. These appointments were unanimous by the saints. Good feeling has prevailed so far.
Morning engaged in prayer with a company of saints at our mornings devotion. Laid hands on elder Hawkins son in connection with elder Henderson and Hawkins. Fine day but wind contrary.
Friday 9 of Nov 1849
Plesent day wind contrary. Several Irish men were sent of the vessel who had secreted themselves. This was done on the eighth while the inspecters were on board.
Weighed anchor and set sail for New Orleans about 9 O'clock being tugg out by Steamer for about 14 Miles, then the sails were spread and the wind wafted us on pretty briskly. Toward 6 or 7 several began to be sick, began to be sick myself and continued so.
Very much sickness on board, rather increased than diminished.
Things appeared rather better, the sickness a little abated, I myself began to get a little better, thank God for it. Elders Crooks and Henderson were very active in waiting on the saints. O Lord bless them with health and strength that their labours may be continued to the church at large.
Tusday 13 Nov 1849
The sickness somewhat better. The wind not so favourable as we could like.
Very windy and ruff, the vessel rocked about very much, which caused fresh eruptions to break out amongst us. I myself not excepted. There were a few spirits who desired to creat a little dissatisfaction, but through the wisdom and prudence of president Hawkins and elder Henderson, things appeared to be set right.
The vessel rolled about very much, some things were upset. One of my boxes were overturned, no particular harm was done, called on God to still the wind and in the name of the Lord rebuked the raging of the sea and wind, which to our joy did so early on.
Which caused us to rejoice and give thanks to our God. Felt the spirit while engaged in prayer with the saints. An uproar with the Irish emigrants, but they were put down by the chief mate. Several of the saints with elder Charles Willden were still dissatisfied at the order which we had adopted. 0! that men would learn wisdom by the things they suffer. The president with those who have been appointed to assist have done their duty. Held a counsel meeting, president Hawkins, with his two counselors and myself forming the same made some new arrangements to meet exigenceses, appointing eight persons to each committee man, and putting the disafected persons amongst others so they might be cured if possable. Very beautiful day and pleasent on deck, not much wind, About 1000 miles from Liverpool. This day I am 5 years old being baptized for the remission of my sins.
Very fine day not much wind, therefore did not make much proqress, a better state of health appeared to prevail amongst the saints.
Arose with joy and gladness in my heart because much better in health and we were about to have a public meeting on the quarter deck. We assembled about eleven O'clock, when President Hawkins opened the meeting with a few pointed and appropirate remarks. Then we sang a himn, then by request I engaged in prayer, we sang again, then President Hawkins read for our instruction the XII and XIII of Romans and a portion of Peter. Then he called on Elder Crooks to speak to us, which he did. Sang again. President Hawkins requested me to speak for a short time before administering the Lords Supper, rejoiced while speaking a good time. The Lord was present in the influence of his spirit, the emblems were blest by Councellors Henderson and Biggs. Elder T. Stevenson pronounced the benediction. The Captain and his Lady were present on the occasion. Laid hand on three persons in connection with elder Hawkins and Henderson. Blest some oil. Saw three vessels to day. Sailing about seven nots per hour. The day was closed by singing and prayer.
Beautiful morning, but wind contrary. Laid hands on a little infant in connection with elder Hawkins.
Not so well to day in consequence of the vessel rocking so much. Sailinq about nine nots per hour, a fine vessel passed ahead of us about 4 O'clock from the Austrian States, a beautiful sight to behold a ship in ful sail. A little better to night.
Engaged in prayer at our mornings devotion, the vessel rolls this morning, nothing very particular occured this day, The ship continues to make progress, several porposis seen to day.
Much better in health to day. Read a little, also saw for the first time the book of Jasher and read some portions of same. Had an agreeable conversation with president Hawkins on things of the Kingdom. Sailed during the night 10 not per hour.
Much warmer this morning, very little wind, more sail unfurled, beautifull morning. Read a part of a tract entitled The New Jerusalem by O. Pratt, a very good one on that subject. Sturd up my memory in Phonography a beautiful art, the writing by sound. I asked Captain Brown to favour me with the Latitude and Longitude; if you will come to me at 1/2 past 12 O'clock I will give it you, he was to his word; we were at this day at 12 O'clock in North Latitude 37" 53. Longitude west 16" 30. Sailing about 5 nots per hour.
Saturday 24 November 1849
Sailing as the day before, all things go on well to appearances. Read several several pieces in the Star, rather trid a little.
Assembled ourselves on deck for Divine worship at 1/2 past 10 O'clock, President Hawkins opened with singing and called on elder Henderson to pray, another hymn was sung then president Hawkins called on me to preach, did so. Then the sacriment was administered; after which the president proceeded to unite in the Holy estate of Matrimony brother Meacock and sister Selina R. Peaton, this is the first marriage I have seen solemnized by the authorities of heaven. We are now in North Latitude 34"10 and West longitude 19"15 and 120 miles off Mederia Island. I then concluded the services by prayer. Also 1400 miles from Liverpool. Evening services opened by the president, elders Biggs and stevenson addressed us, good remarks may we ever reduce them to practice.
Not much wind. Read a little on Civil Engineering. One of the Irish emigrants evil intreated one of the saints which caused a little commotion amongst us.
Not very well, the wind rose and the vessel rolled very much. Sailing about 9 nots per hour. Laid hands on sister Stubbs in connection with elder Hawkins.
Very unwell, saw two flying fish, enjoy'd a view while standing on the bullwarks; spoke on some principles of the gospel to brothers Stevenson and Halliday. Going at the rate of 7 miles per hour.
Rather squamish this morning. Anointed and laid hands on Sister Stubbs child in company with elder Hawkins. Conversed with one or two on the things of the Kingdom. Laid hands on elder Henderson and anointed him with oil elder Hawkins assisting, also laid hands on Brother Ashton elder Biggs anointed him with oil. Sailing about 9 or 10 nots per hour.
All things considered, we are doing well, sailing about 10 miles per hour, nice morning, was called on with elder Hawkins to lay hands on and anoint with oil Sister Stubbs child. The president asked a blessing on the anointing of the oil in the name of the Lord. Laid hands on sister Stubbs child, eased of the pain in that ordinance. Very poor sailing all day.
Saturday December 1 1849
Sailing as before, wind and water in our favour; the water appears beautiful indeed fine day. The Irish are ruff people. Saw two flying fish, also a Crampus or speces of a whale about 9 feet long which swam round our vessel for several times; the second mate caught a Dolfin, this is a beautiful kind of fish.
Sunday December 2nd 1849
Fine morning, good health prevails in the vessel for which we are thankful to God. Our services opened in the usual manner, elder Henderson preached to us on the order of the church, The sacriment was administered, elder Brooks addressed us in the eveninq a very good discourse. Had a very agreeable conversation with elders Hawkins, Brooks and Henderson, We have sailed from L iverpool 2700 miles having sailed during the past week 1300 miles being in North Latitude 23 and West Longitude 27.
Gave the first lesson on Mr. Pitmans ecclent system of Phonography to three of the brethren. Saw a large fish leap out of the water also saw about 30 flying fish in a company, read a considerable portion of Dr Kittos work on "The People of Persia," an interesting little work. Saw a small vessel that was bound for California Called Sam & Ben; our Captain spoke to their Captain. Sailing first rate.
Sailing as before and fine morning. Read a part of Mr Kitto's "People of Persia.". Their government appears to be liberal in the toleration of religious sects. Wind rises toward evening with rain.
A little troubled with headache, wind strong and much rain all day, but blowing right. Third mate hurt a little. Some evil spirits made a little disturbance amongst us who would not submit to order. Met with the President and elders Henderson and Biggs in counsel to adopt the best measures for the good of all. Read a little. Sailing first rate. Lord I praise thee for thy goodness to us thus far on our voyage. Father continue the same through thy, Jesus amen.
Thursday 6 December 1849
Fine warm morning, sailing about 8 nots per hour. Read some this morning.
Very hot. Read a little. The devil is apt to overreach himself, Some of his agents will never be governed. A little alteration in the sails to day, all life and stir on board.
Not sailing quite so quick as we have done. Had a tuch at Phrenology with some of the brethren, delineated some of the outlines of their characture. One of the Irish imigrants was very ill. Engaged in prayer.
Sunday 9 December 1849
Rather sleepy and dull this morning in consequence of the hot night. Sailing well. Engaged in prayer at the opening of our service. Elder T. Davenport preached to us very good discourse. The saints will do well to give heed to his teaching. In North Latitude 17 West Longitude 60, and about 120 miles from Antigua one of the West India Islands. Saw a pelican and a Dolphin with many flying fish. In the evening elder Wiltshire spoke to us.
First rate sailing and a fine morning. Saw a many flying fish of various sizes. Saw also two large birds, but did not get their proper names. Beheld a vessel at some distance. Read a piece in Wilsons "Tales of the Borders." titled the two Sailors. Laid hands on bro Henderson Jun in connection with his father and elder Devenport. Laid hands on my daughter Maria.
Blowing pretty fresh, good sailing. Saw a vessel at a distance. Saw several birds and fish.
One of the stunsails broke loose, what disorder a small thing makes, nothing like order in all things. Saw to our joy the Island of St. Domingo and was near to the Rock Alto Vela of which we had a very good view, no vegitation on it. Several large birds flying about. Good health on board. Thank God for it. First rate sailing, at about 11 nots per hour.
Alto Vela of Cape De la Beta St Domingo which stands out in the Carreebean Sea very prominent by. This out line and that on the other side of the leaf is not the whole of the south coast of the Island of Saint Domingo but only a part of that which runs from .Cape De la Beta Westward towards the Island of Jamaica. The isle of Saint Domingo was discovered in the year of our Lord 1492 by Columbus.
The South Coast of St. Domingo which appears to be mountainous.
The South Coast of St. Domingo continued from the other side. The summit of the mountain is pretty high above the level of the sea.
Very beautiful morning only sailing about one mile per hour, in consequence of which it became very hot on deck. Nothing particular occured this day of any particular note only that some of the sailors appeared to rejoice because of the calm, but I prayed to the Lord to cause the wind to blow, he heard and answered my prayer towards evening. Read a few pages in the book of Mormon.
The above outline is a view of a part of those mountains which are in the North of G.
Sailing about 8 or 10 nots per hour. Fine morning, not so hot as the day before. Elder Liggets son who was an Idiot died about four O'clock this morning, his body was cast over board about 10 A.M. I saw it sink in the north Latitude 18"20, West Longitude 66"20. The Island of Jamaica was in view this day it appears very mountainous, I saw three ranges of mountains, some of them appeared to stand very high and the ascent of one was almost perpendicular. Number 1 are a range of hills that are close to the sea and are covered with trees and here and their some green fields with huts or houses upon them, which looked very beautiful. Number 2 are clouds, Number 3 are mountains whose summits rise above the clouds.
The Island of J is situated in North Latitude and West Latitude from Greenwich: The Northern coast as we had a view this morning was very beautiful, the hills appeared to be covered with trees, and the land nearest the sea is like the green fields of Old England with here and there a white hut or building of some description. We could see movable objects but could not perceive what they were, that part which we were nearest too was very pleasing to the sight, while the large mountains in the distance whose tops were now and again incircled in the clouds, gave an imposing effect to the whole view. Smoke assended now and then from a.chimney which told us there must be a house or Sugar refinery at least there must be a cause before their can be an effect.
We saw a little boat with its white sails coasting about which indicated to us that there must be some of the sons of Adam their, presently it was wafted beautifully on the smooth surface of the Carreebean Sea, in front of our Ship probably taking a pleasure trip to some neighboring Isle, or otherwise a view of our splendid Ship Zetland, but little do they know what her cargo is and where bound:
O Jamica thou art bound in chains
And darkness covers all thy sons
They are hid to thee as yet
The things of God which we do know
The people in its fullness makes us free
The same to thee will come
Thy fetters to unloose and set thee free
That thy sons and daughters may be gathered
With thy faithful to the heights of zion
There to know the mind of God,
And learn the lessons of redeeming grace
As known among the Gods above. .
Many have been the eruptions that have taken place on that Island and a greater has yet to take place, when the stronghold and fortress of the beast (Ironically called Christianity) comes to have the grape shot of the Kingdom of God, in the hands of a living priesthood backed by the force of omnipotent power, flying about her ears. O! Lord hasten the time when thy sons and daughters shall be gathered in from all lands. Remarkably fine day sailing beautifully at about 7 or 8 nots per hour.
Hot day in consequence of which Captain Brown put up a large sheet as a screen over our heads so that the heat might not be disagreeable, moderate sailing 700 miles from the bar and about 140 more from New Orleans. Elder Crawford preached this morning. I engaged in prayer at the opening of the service. Elder Liggit preached in the evening; president Hawkins made a .few good remarks afterwards. Saw what is termed the"Grand Command" two small Islands, saw an object which appeared to be a steamboat at the Island.
Good sailing to day, read some, A fine day.
Sailing well with rain now and again. We are now in the Gulf of Mexico. A little too much water in the hold of the vessel, have to pump twice per day instead of once. Saw a vessel ahead of us, we soon past her. Read the Phonographic teacher a little. What a beautiful star and moon light night.
Wednesday 19 of December 1849 .
Very beautiful morning, grand sight to see the sun rise in his splendour and cast his rays of light over the earth to cheer and animate creation. Wind in the same quarter, and sailing about the same as the day before. Laid hands on.brother Gillott in company with elder Hawkins and Henderson. Held our conference this day, opened with singing and prayer; elder Samuel Harris Hawkins presiding and elder Hezekiah Mitchell acting as clerk. When it was proposed by elder Hawkins and seconded by elder Henderson that a vote of thanks be presented to Captain Brown as an expression of his company's appreciation of the kindness manifested to us since we have been on board the Zetland. A clear vote
Proposed by elder Mitchell that a vote of thanks be given to president Samuel H. Hawkins for the able and efficient manner in which he has presided over this branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints assembled on board the ship Zetland; and the patience and forbearence which he has displayed under various trying circumstances, this motion was seconded by elder Henderson and supported by elder Crooks. A clear vote
Proposed by elder Mitchell that a vote of thanks be given to elder Andrew Henderson Sen. for his able and enduring service both for his efficiency as a councellor, and his disinterested labours in distributing the rations and also for his indefatigable exertions in endeavoring to promote the general good, order and comfort of the saints emigrating in this Ship Zetland, Seconded by elder Biggs. A clear vote
Proposed by elder Mitchell and seconded by elder Devenport that a vote of thanks be given elder Tho. Biggs for his valuable s services as councellor, also for his readiness to contribute by every means in his power to the comfort and well being of the Saints his companions on board the Zetland. A clear vote.
Moved by president Hawkins and seconded by elder Crooks that a vote of thanks be given elder Hezekiah Mitchell for his valuable services as secretary to this company during the passage on board the ship Zetland. A clear vote.
Moved by elder Mitchell that a vote of thanks be given to the committee of management viz. elders Hezekiah Mitchell, Thomas Devenport, J. Crawford and Thos. Stevenson, and priests H. Tingey, R. Varley and J. Burnside for their united exertions in carrying out the rules and regulations enacted for the cleanliness, order and comfort of the saints on board The Zetland. This was seconded by several of the brethren. A clear vote.
Moved by elder Mitchell that a vote of thanks be given to Brothers Charles Ashton and John Martin for their valuable and gratuitous services at the cooking galley, also our deep sympathy with the the former for the severe and painful accident received while in the ardious prosecution of the disagreeable duties he had so generously volunteered for the benefit of the saints his fellow passengers on the Ship Zetland, responded to by the show of hands.
Moved that a contribution be taken up for John Martin to furnish him with a pair of trousers &c. A. clear vote
Many good remarks were made by the above elders in reply to the votes of thanks that were moved, Elder Mitchell to take up the contribution.
Elder S.H. Hawkins President
" A. Henderson 1st Counsellor
" T. Biggs 2nd "
" H. Mitchell Clerk
Dec 19 1849
in the Gulf of Mexico
Wind turned round for the better, sailing moderate, fine morning. Saw two vessels at a distance, and the smoke of a steamer. Came near the bar at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Very foggy this morning and cold; Heard a Steamer at a distance which came in sight in a short time and was presently along side of us. Our vessel was soon fastned and tugged on, then we cast anchor, and the Tugg went and fetched another Tugg, then we had one each side of us but after all they could not get us over the bar. Liquors were sold on one of the Tugg boats and several of the saints went over and acted very injudiciously. The sailors were also ready to quarrel with us (the heads) of the 'Church, but they were compeled to acknowledge we were a good party when things were explained. The Devil as got hold of some of the saints. O! that the saints would take heed to counsel.
Fine but very could, many vessels about, with timber floting down gthe river, and here and their a little appearance of land, still on the bar. After two steam tuggs had trid to take us off.
Fine morning and a little warmer than the day before; no services on deck in consiquence of the hurry and bustle of getting us of the Bar entirely, but some had prayer and singing down below. The steam Tuggs the Concquorer and Mary Kingsland came about two O'clock and took us of the bar, therefore we set sail up the river in ful spirits with another vessel viz "The Arab" which sailed about a week before us, having had seven deaths and all down of the feaver. The beautiful sights are grand to behold. The scenery surpasses all that we have seen as yet. Good health on our vessel.
Monday 24 Dec 1849
Not so well in consiquence of a cold. Plesent morning but rgther foggy; The little villages or plantations, were imposing in their views, and delightful to behold. The black sons of Cannan were not over worked, truly this is a land of planty, it cannot be other wise when the Lord has blest it with all sorts of blessing, for Joseph's sake. The neat white houses with green doors and window shutters have a nice appearance. I rejoice in spirit that I have gathered to this land, my prayer is that I may be preserved from all evil spirits and be enabled to go right up to the Valley of the Mountains. Amen. The River Mississippi is beautiful in its serpentine course, its banks are full up to the brim, O! that hundreds and thousands of saints may sail up on its surface on the Ships of Ald England. Arrived at New Orleans this day about 9 in the evening.
Christmas Day, Capt. Brown gave the crew a holaday this day; We had to set a special guard hatchet way to keep the strangers out and those who would steal what they could take away. Elder MacKenzie (the agent for the church to receive the saints) came on board. I read his recommendation to the saints, and took up a collection for him. Marked down the names of all who were for going up the river for St. Louis.
Got all our boxes on deck by twelve O'clock to go on the steamer but we did not get of till very late, very much fatigued with getting the luggage on the Job Boat and off on to the Ben West, very unwell this night A miserable boat the Ben West to take passangers, no room to breathe in the Births scarsley, not fit for passangers at all; all hurry and bustle in the boat in consequence of so little room.
No better to day.
About as usual, sold a barrel of meal 220 lbs for two dollars, no money or we should not have sold it.
Saturday 29 1849
Very much indisposed, the saints are to come up to Zion having great tribulation. We set sail up the Mississippi late in the afternoon, sailed only 20 miles because it was so mistey that we could scarsley see a yard before us, therefore we cast anchor for the night.
Sunday 30 1849
Set sail up the river, but very foggy, nothing like Sunday; reflected much on the privileqes of the saints and how they ought to prize them. In consequence of being sick I could not keep my journal daily. So sick that I could not stand many minutes at one time. Saw many things that were not pleasing. Smoking and chewing that nausious weed Tobacco by the saints more than any others, I rebuked them twice, but they loved their Idol. Others were sick besides myself, one child died viz. Elder Wilden's and was intered on the beech by the river. I was compelled to lay in my berth, very much against my will, through the disease and continued in that state all up the river. The river Mississippi is very dangerous to sail up because there are so many snags, that is, trees that have fallen in the river and they stand with the point to meet the boats as they come up the river. There is a great many pices of timber floting down the river which injure the paddle wheels very much at times, we had two very narrow escapes of being sunk; the God the saints can and does protect his people on boats or else where. We had a many staying places as we came up. Got to St. Louis from New Orleans on Friday the 11th day of January 1850 about 10 in the evening.
Recollections of Edgar B. Mitchell, grandson of Hezekiah Mitchell (1967):
"They were six weeks in crossing the Atlantic. Father was about 14 years old at this time. They arrived in New Orleans. When they arrived there was smallpox and malaria on the boat and it was put under quarantine. All of the family had either malaria or smallpox except my father. They were under quarantine for three weeks. When father had been on the boat long enough for them to determine that he did not have malaria or smallpox, he got permission to get off the boat. They had their passage paid up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, so when they were out of quarantine they went to St. Louis. While there in St. Louis, Hezekiah built the wagon and bought the oxen that carried them to Salt Lake City."
12 January 1850
When he arrived at St. Louis, Missouri, Hezekiah was so ill he could not stand up by himself. Others helped him get his luggage off the boat. He had to be helped off the boat. When he was off the boat he fainted and had to be carried. The members of the ladies of the benevolent society assisted his family with food, clothing, shelter, and the services of a doctor. Hezekiah wrote: "Continued very slowly to recover with great care on my part, when I ventured on." Over the next several months he attended meetings with the Saints, administered to the sick, baptized new converts, preached, and performed his duties in the Church. His health would improve from time to time and then worsen. On 8 May 1850 he was chosen as the clerk of the Fifth Ward in St. Louis. He wrote on 26 June: "The saints are strangers and pilgrims here; serching for a city whose foundations are of God."
25 August 1850
On 25 August 1850 his daughter, Lavinia, went up the river to Westport with a Mrs. Barnard. Hezekiah wrote: O Lord preserve her and bring her in peace home, bless those with whom she is with for my sake."
17 December 1850
Hezekiah recorded that on 17 December 1850 Jenny Lind came to St. Louis. He wrote: "Rejoiced much while contemplating on the things of the Kingdom of God; rejoice too that I am here so far on my way to the Valley of the mountains."
31 March 1851
A daughter, Sarah Ann Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Sarah on 31 March 1851 in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri. Hezekiah wrote: "Sarah was delivered of a female child at a Quarter to Twelve O'clock (that is my wife). A beautiful one it is as ever opened the womb."
15 May 1851
On 15 May 1851 he ordained his son, Frederick Augustus Herman Frank Mitchell, a deacon "to labour as the presidency may see fit."
3 October 1851
On 3 October 1851 Hezekiah went to a farm in Jersey County, Illinois in order to find work that would provide the means for them to complete their journey to the Salt Lake Valley. He refers to working on Lindsay's farm there. His family accompanied him to Jersey County, except for Frederick who remained in St. Louis. He wrote: "Traded for a yoke of oxen about eight or nine miles from my place, one of them failed in coming home."
Recollections of Edgar B. Mitchell, grandson of Hezekiah Mitchell (1967):
"Father (Frederick Mitchell, son of Hezekiah) was never in school from the time the family went to Sheffield. He served an apprenticeship in an engraving shop that manufactured razors. It was still in business when father went back there on a mission in 1900. He bought me the first razor I ever owned from that shop. He was in the engraving department and learned the trade. When he got off the boat, he went to the big plantations. He would stay there for several weeks at a time and engrave the owner's monogram and coat-of-arms on the silverware. He told me he averaged $5.00 a day. This helped buy medicine for the family back on the boat. During this time, my father (Frederick) went to work in a trading post on the bank of the Mississippi River. They traded with Indians and travelers going west. Three young men owned the trading post. He worked there for five years before leaving for Utah. There he learned bookkeeping. My father and another boy slept in the trading post as night watchmen and then worked in the store during the day. When he was leaving for Utah, they offered him a partnership if he would stay with them. On one of his trips to New York he went back there and called on them. He said those fellows picked him up and swung him around and said, "Fred, You've come back." He told them he was going to arrange to ship some goods to Utah and they agreed to outfit the wagons and teams. Today it is called Vanderborg, Scruggs & Barney and is one of the biggest department stores in St. Louis. The present store is right on the ground the old trading post was located on. The present owners are the descendants of the original owners. A Mr. Scruggs, the grandson of one of the original owners, is the General Manager of the store."
3 February 1852
Hezekiah recorded: "Went to mill with one ox in the wagon about four miles, exceeding bad road through the woods, in crossing Otter creek the third time my wagon was turned on one side, and the box turned upside down and my wife under it in the mud; she was not hurt in the least; not even her Bonnet crushed. I jumped into the mud on the edge of the water, lifted the box up and set my wife at liberty and told her to get out of the way; poor Turk was almost throttled in the water with the wagon being turned on its side; set the wagon right, got on the oxes back to liberate him but could not, consequently have to jump on his back into the water then with difficulty got him out, thank God for his care over us that we were not hurt, to him be the Glory."
7 February 1852
Hezekiah wrote of having prepared some parts for a new wagon that would carry them across the plains. In addition to providing for his family he was building a wagon in which to travel to Salt Lake Valley. Frequent entries in his journal indicate his strong desire to gather with the Saints in the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. His activities in Jersey County, Illinois consisted of doing work for others, such as, splitting rails and hauling cord wood, and of growing his own crops.
8 February 1852
Hezekiah wrote: "Sung the hymn "A Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief," while singing it thought of Joseph and Hyrum when in Carthage Jail previous to their death, Joseph requested Elder Taylor to sing the same hymn."
4 July 1852
On 4 July 1852 Hezekiah son, Frederick, arrived from St. Louis. When they arrived in St. Louis Hezekiah wrote that he sought work for Frederick as an etcher. This apparently is what Frederick was doing in St. Louis in order to help earn money for the journey west.
26 September 1852
On 26 September 1852 Hezekiah's daughter, Lavinia, went to live at Dr. Perry's in Jerseyville for a time. The money that Lavinia would earn would help the family gain the means to travel to the west. Hezekiah and his wife, Sarah, went to visit Lavinia there on 24 November 1853 and found her well.
11 August 1853
Frederick had returned to St. Louis. Hezekiah wrote of having written a letter to his son, Frederick, in St. Louis.
5 January 1854
Hezekiah traveled to Jerseyville. His son, Frederick, joined him there. They stayed that night at Dr. Perry's home and then Hezekiah, Lavinia, and Frederick returned to their home the next day.
5 April 1854
Hezekiah wrote of having received a letter from his son, Frederick. Frederick had returned to St. Louis.
NOTE: The Hezekiah Mitchell journal available to me relating to crossing the plains dates from 23 May 1854 to 22 June 1854. At the time of their start in their journey across the plains the family consisted of Hezekiah, age 43, Sarah, age 43, Frederick, age 18, Lavinia, age 16, Priscilla, age 14, Maria, age 11, and Elizabeth, age 8. Sidney F. Mitchell
JOURNAL OF HEZEKIAH MITCHELL
CROSSING THE PLAINS
Tusday 23 May 1854
Started from Mr. G. Lindsy's farm Jersey County Ill. for Great Salt Lake City. As soon as we got clear of the fence one of the cows turned the yoke which detained us some, by the help of Bro. & Sister Dabbs we got things right and on till we got opposite Ebe Rowden's when the cows were again unruley, He and Bro Dabbs went with us a little farther and left us, traveled on about about five miles when we got into a deep gully the horses baulked and would not go any farther, the cows had to stand right in the mud, & sleep in the same place for the night. Rain'd all night from the time we got their, miserable, but rejoiced.
Wet morning. Cut a large tree in too to open the way better in fact we repaired the road considerable after a while some men came past with an horse teem. I requested them to hitch there horses too with mine, did so, but could not get out. Went to see Mr. Watson to trade with him for cattle and get him to hawle us on the hill which he did, but I could not trade with him because he wanted my new wagon, horses and harness for two Yoke of his cattle and his old wagon, very unreasonable. The Carr place near to us.
About the same. Called on the Lord for help. Traveled over much ground to find a yoke of cattle but could not.
Traded my Sorrel pony for one yoke of Young cattle with Polly Dabbs and sold her harness for one horse.
Traded my Gray mare for a yoke of cattle with a man living near Carr place We rejoiced at our prosperity but Satan trided to hinder us as much as possable.
Yoked up the cattle and went as far as Mr. Bentley's. In turning round his fence one of the wheels caught a sapling and broke the wagon tongue. Conversed with Mr. B on several things pertaining to Mormonism, but he does not think very favourable on our principles. He mentioned the name of Joseph Smith not to my liking which made me feel vexed at him, however I forbore as well as I could.
Made new wagon tongue. Bought a good Yoke and bows. Wet day.
Made another start and came to Jones' Ferry got over the river Ill. bad getting up the bank on the Calhoun County side. The ferry men ruff looking crew. Paid two dollers for Ferryage. Camped in the wood. Stormy.
Packed up and started again, traveled as far as Hardin (Illinois) some good and some bad road. Very difficult to turn the wagon because we had gone a few yards to far, consequently the wagon was being nearly overturned; got round with some trouble on we went. Fine day.
Thursday June 1
Traveled a little from this side of Hardin to Hamburg (Illinois) on the Mississippi River. A very steep hill about half way, (dreamed I saw a man coming down the hill, with two yoke of cattle, asked him to hawle me up, he did so) just as we got to the foot of the hill down comes the very person I saw in my dream with the same two yoke of cattle asked him to hawl me up, offered him 75 cts. Got up with ease with there help. Got dinner on the ridge and let the cattle eat some. Camped on the river bank near Hamburg. Bought a few things at Hamburg. Saints here. Fine day.
Left Hamburg for the Ferry opposite Clarksville (Missouri). Road generally good, some of it runs through wood land, some little open patches of open ground and others under high bluffs etc. Camped in a good place in the timber, brought our cattle a little back to feed them well. Traveled about 15 miles, which brought us some six or seven miles from Clarksville. Fine day.
Set off for the Ferry, soft swampy ground to go over, then we forded Bay creek. Fine tall grass but heavy hawling; crossed the Mississippi river opposite Clarksville, paid 2 1/2 dollers for ferryage, went 21/2 miles out of town on the Bowling Green road, and then camped. Fine wether.
Moved about half a mile on the road to a better camping place. Very poor place to feed for the cattle. Fine day.
Monday 5 June
After greasing wagon and adjusting matters we yoked up the cattle and the cows for the first time to the wagon, they went on briskly, far better than expection. Traveled about eleven miles, crossed a creek, but did not learn the name, very wet part of the day; very difficult to get up one hill. Camped on good ground about 5 miles from Bowling Green (Missouri).
Fine morning, Fixed up and started for Bowling Green got in about twelve. Fine inland County town, but small, eligent brick building for the court house. Bought a ham, butter and three tin plates, went out of town a little and got dinner; after which we traveled over Praire etc. wood land until we came to Mr. McCune's then we crossed Pin 0 Creek and camped about a quarter from the creek. Thundred, lightened and rained tremendious for a time; very poor place to feed my cattle. After the storm had ceased and passed away, a light considerable above the brightness of the moon passed over my head from South to North. which caused me to lift my head up, to look what was the cause of the light; when I saw a ball of fire about eight inches in diameter: when it had decended in the firment of heaven to about a quarter above the horizon, it opened and the fire appeared about one yard in length with a ball of fire at each end, connected by a streak of fire, the largest ball being uppermost, then it went out directly.
Small mistey rain this morning. Bought two bushels of corn from Mr. McCune's at 35 cts per bushel. Put up a small tent in the shape of an Indian Wigwam to keep of the rain and wind; very cold for the season, after dinner we started traveled on our journey and traveled as far as Spencersburg (Missouri), about 7 miles from Pin O Creek. About 200 inhabitents in it, one meetinghouse (Ironside Baptists). A school taught in town. Some parts of the road good others very bad. Cleared up about sun down. Camped on the skirts of the village. No feed for the cattle, had to cut down sapplings that they might eat the leaves with a little corn.
Fine morning but cold. Passed through Spencersburg and forded Spencer creek twice. Eat a little dinner, after which we came to Madisonville in Rolls county (having passed through Pike County) journied on about 5 miles beyond Madisonville (Missouri), having traveled about 13 miles. Camped on the open Praire. Fine night. The Praire on which we staid is called Lick Creek Praire.
Fine morning; Having adjusted matters made another start, after inquire, found that we had got about a mile out of the way. Traveled on pretty well, crossed small creeks several times, the largest is Lick Creek, also just before we got to Florida we had to ford Salt River, a little of the water got into the wagon bed. Florida is a small village, passed about a mile and a half beyond it. Camped on the road side. One man came and offered me his pasture to put my cattle in for the night. I should have accepted his offer, but I thought that the cattle would have got out and their was very little feed in.
Nothing very particular today. Reached Paris (Missouri) about 3 O'clock the largest town we have passed through yet, it is the county town for Monroe; a hansome looking place. School, and meeting house, with court house, a good bridge over Salt River into town. Bought a few things, Traveled about four miles out of town were we could get feed and water for ourselves and cattle. Very much tried. Traveled 14 miles to day.
A gentleman passing by on horse back said if we would go about a half a mile farther we could get on the Praire were there was plenty of grass and water. Took his advice and found plenty.
After breakfast, started on our journey. Passed through Madison (Missouri) in Monroe county, then journeyed on and passed through Milton (Missouri) in Randolph county. Camped about a quarter from Milton, not much feed but plenty of water. Traveled about 15 or 16 miles. Fine day
After the usial prepration, and Mrs. Mitchell had washed a few necessary things clothes, we started again and got into Huntsville, eleven miles from Milton, but I think they are long miles indeed, Huntsville (Missouri) is the largest town through which we have passed since we started, the court house is small but their are some eligant stores in town. Some considerable business appears to be done in it. Hotels, Smiths shops and Wagon makers, with other handy-crafts. Traded a little. A mile out of town got a good camping place.
Traveled on about 7 miles beyond Huntsville and waited on a Mr. Ford to trade with him for a large yoke of cattle, for my young yoke, which began to give out; It was sun down before he came home. Saw him, went over part of his farm, and saw some of his cattle. a warm day.
Saw Mr. Ford, but could not trade with him because he wanted to large a sum of money to boote for the cattle. Yoked up our team and traveled on hoping that the young cattle would stand the trip. Went on very slow in consequence. We had a Praire to cross, camped on the Praire in high grass, no water for ourselves and cattle. Rain to day and thundred very heavy. Carried water about a mile.
Rained very heavy just before day; prayed to my father to stay the rain which he did. After eating a scanty breakfast we went on our journey, bad road in the bottom consequently very heavy hawling for the cattle; Crossed Charriton river, the bridge is a new one but is not worth much, one of my cattle had like to have had his leg through the flore because there not a sufficient number of bords on it. Assended a little hill and sat down to get dinner, had some milk given us. My son made some inquire if we could trade for a yoke of cattle No! So on we went as we were and passed through Keytesville (Missouri) the county town of Charriton, saw the first tobacco manufactor, drawed water from a well and filled our jug, after making inquire which way to go for Brunswich, we left town, passed over a new bridge, got into a small Praire and let the cattle feed a little. Then we went on the edge of the Praire about two miles from Keytesville and camped, after making fire it commenced to rain, Thunder and lightning till it put the fire out, it blew, thundred, lightened and rained tremendious it shook the wagon cover very much we had to hold the same on as well as we could. Offered up prayer to God to stay the storm; we sang several hymns in the midst of the storm; God heard our prayers and it became calm. I have not been in such a storm for a long time.
After inquiring of a man if he could change a yoke of cattle with me but he could not. We fixed up and on we went for Brunswick on the Missouri River. One man said the Cholera was their and asked us if we could go through, I said we should risk it. A long bottom before we got to Brunswick. Large town, sturing place, good buildings in and round the town, continued our journey after leaving town along the bank of the Grand River till we came to the Ferry, crossed the river, (some little difficulty getting on the boat) into Carrol county and camped by the river.:
Sunday 18 June 1854
Was on the West side of Grand river Carroll county. Good feed for the cattle. Many Musquitoes and flies to torment the cattle and ourselves. Our son read some of the Revelations, translations and naretives of Joseph Smith we conversed on the things we read with pleasure. Feed the cattle well rejoiced we were going to Zion. Warm day.
Up early feed the team, got breakfast hitched up the cattle and put out on the rout again, traveled along the bank of the Grand river for about 2 1/2 miles; then took a more westerly course across the bottom then assended a little hill to higher ground, good road and a little breese which made it plesent traveling. Crossed a sort of Praire, after which we got some milk, went on about 1/2 mile farther over the bridge, unhitched the cattle, sat down and got dinner having traveled 9 miles from Grand River. Having rested two hours we journied on over Praire land about 6 miles making 15 miles today from Grand river. A little rain and thunder which cooled the air considerable. Camped on the Praire near a small patch of timber.
Looked out on the heavens and saw the stars shining beautifuly, laid down and slept a short time, waked up and found it rained pretty fast, but what was worse still the yoke of cows got loose and were gone; made all hast to dress myself, my son two, then we set out to seek them having sought a while but in vain. I then started to the last house we passed the night before to see if they had gone that way, but the man of the house had not seen them, I asked him if he would put them in his lot if saw them Yes! Any how I will go and see if they are among your stock; found them there to my satisfaction brought them to the wagon were we camped about one mile. Quite wet though after awhile it cleared up made fire, got breakfast, Yoked up cattle for a start. Two wagons passed us from North Carolina with horse teams for Platt county. Put out after them found it bad traveling in consequence of the rain. Got into Carrolton (Missouri) about 3 O'clock, small town for a county seat, nothing particular in it. After leaving town we crossed Hawkindaw creek and came on Praire or Missouri bottom, Traveled on till we came to a Grist mill, by inquire we found we had gone a little out of the road however we went along Moss creek till we came into the right road camped about a mile from the mill among some Poplar trees on the bottom or Praire, fine evening after the rain and a little thunder. the air cool and cheering. Traveled about 11 miles to day.
Wednesday 21 June
Fine morning. Having feed cattle and breakfasted; we set out again, road rather soft by places. Sang a few hymns. Had a present of a little milk, it being eleven O'clock we got dinner. Then went on our way having a long journey before we can get of the Praire, The grass quite fine; several patches of Popler trees on different parts of the Praire to shade the cattle in hot days. However we got over at last having traveled 17 miles. Camped near were the stage changed horses; bought corn for the cattle paid 25 cts for half a bushel. Cool evening.
After breakfast we yoked up cattle and set out again, to get on the Praire to let the cattle eat. Road bad till we came to crooked river, crossed over the bridge had to pay 40 cts for toll. The bridge in very bad condition shook very much, my heart ached while crossing it, it appears if it had moved in the middle down the stream, besides the foundation bearing the pillars have sunk considerable, in fact it is a dangerous concern and aught to be repaired or a new one put over the river. Got on the Praire let the cattle feed some. The road to Richmond was all through the timber. Got into Richmond (Missouri) about three. The court house is after the still (style) of all the court houses we have seen on the route. The main street is macadmised, a good looking clean place. Bought flour and meat. Warm day. Traveled about 12 or 13 miles. Camped at a poor place for feed but tolerable good water about 4 miles from town.
26 August 1854
Maria Mitchell and Elizabeth Mitchell were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
29 September 1854
Hezekiah Mitchell and his family arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on 29 September 1854, traveling with the James Brown Company. Ten days after their arrival they were able to rent a house. Hezekiah was employed hauling sand and clay and doing other work. He traveled to Richville, Tooele County and then went to E.T. City to see about getting ten acres of land and a city and garden lot. He returned to Salt Lake City, stayed a few days and then went back to E.T. City to build a house. He had purchased a lot on the east side of E.T. City. He brought his family to E.T. City on 25 November 1854. He planted wheat and corn, and potatoes. The grasshoppers destroyed nearly all of the wheat and corn.
9 April 1855
Hezekiah and his wife, Sarah, were sealed as man and wife for eternity in the President's Office by Brigham Young.
15 April 1855
Hezekiah was called by President P. Maughn to preside over the Aaronic Priesthood at E.T. City. He was also appointed as the referee for the Mill Precinct, Tooele County, Utah Territory.
13 August 1855
Hezekiah was ordained to the office of High Priest by President David Pettigrew.
15 November 1855
Frederick Augustus Herman Frank Mitchell was married to Margaret Thompson.
6 April 1856
Hezekiah attended General Conference in Salt Lake City. At the conference his son, Frederick, was called on a mission to the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands, along with other men.
12 May 1856
Hezekiah wrote: "My son passed through Ogden on his way to the Sandwich Islands, bade him good by, praying the blessing of God to rest upon him, counseled him to not tarnish his priesthood but live humbly and faithful before God and do a great work."
4 June 1856
Hezekiah wrote: "Went to the endowment house on the temple Block to receive my endowment with my wife Sarah and daughter Lavinia. Much valuable instruction given etc.!!! My prayer is that we may ever prove faithful. Sarah my wife was sealed for time and eternity to me by Pres. H. C. Kimble, J. M. Grant and W.W. Phelps being witnesses. Was much blessed while going through the house of the Lord. I rejoice that I live in such a day, it is a blessing and privilidge of no small magnitude."
11 June 1856
One of the ways that Hezekiah endeavored to provide for his family is by cutting wood and hauling it to Salt Lake City to sell or trade. On this day he wrote that he was unable to sell his wood, but that he traded it for "fish, tape, thread, tins, and fine tooth comb." He noted that was a poor price. It is evident from the entries in his journal that supporting himself and his family was a constant struggle. He wrote of other crops destroyed by grasshoppers. He worked repairing other's wagons and doing what work he could find.
Adelia Horrocks Cameron: "Often he was compelled to stay in Salt Lake and Ogden for three weeks exchanging his grain for "food stuff," also doing odd jobs to buy a few necessities. Of course, children and Grandmother were left at home. At times the family diet was reduced to pigweed and milkweed greens. My mother was helping a woman in her home for 50 cents a week and was allowed one biscuit each day for her lunch. The youngest sister Sarah was sick because of lack of proper food. Each day my mother would put her biscuit in her pocket and after lunch dishes were done would run home with the precious food for the sick sister. Aunt Sarah said because of this that Elizabeth saved her life. One day the lady noticed what Mother did and the next day she was refused a biscuit. That night, she cried herself to sleep and dreamed that she was at the door the next morning and saw her father coming along the road driving the wagon and it was piled high with sacks of the precious foodstuffs. When she left the house the next morning, she saw her father coming just as she had seen him in her dream. She ran to meet him, told him of her experience with the woman and also her dream. He told her she should never go to that house again and she never did. He had been away three weeks. Yes, there were trying times."
In July of 1856 Hezekiah traveled to Salt Lake City and camped on Union Square. He met with some individuals there and then traveled to Ogden. There he visited James Brown. He heard Apostle Amasa Lyman speak. He searched around to find a good piece of land and placed his stakes in several parcels to make a claim on the land. On 24 July he participated in the 24th of July celebration and then returned to Salt Lake City, later returning to E. T. City.
7 September 1856
Hezekiah was appointed as president of the branch of the Church at E.T. City.
15 September 1856
Hezekiah wrote: "Received a letter from Capt James Brown informing me he had married my daughter Lavinia on the 7 of September 1856. Fine day."
28 September 1856
Hezekiah wrote: "Conversed with Bro Jones on some thing pertaining to the kingdom, and in reference to the first company of hand carts of saints who had arrived in Salt Lake city on 26th, the like was never known in any age, truly it is a marvelous work and a wonder."
29 September 1856
Hezekiah wrote that after cleaning his gun he participated in some military exercises. He was elected as a Lieutenant of the local militia group.
8 November 1856
His son-in-law, James Brown, and his daughter, Lavinia, came to visit from Odgen.
10 November 1856
Hezekiah recorded: "Bro Erasmus Christensen asked for my daughter Priscilla V. for a wife, gave him my full consent to take her for a wife. He will come into my family and be one with us, he seems a promising young man." Erasmus (or Rasmus) and Priscilla were married 23 January 1857 in E.T. City, Tooele County, Utah.
Adelia Horrocks Cameron: "The handcart companies were reported coming into Salt Lake and on one of Grandfather's trips to the city he visited with and spent the night with Brother and Sister Richards who introduced him to a Miss Elizabeth Bowers. Brother Richards suggested that Grandfather marry this girl. Grandfather suggested this to her but she didn't give an answer. Upon returning home to E. T., he talked the situation over with Grandmother who rebels at first as any natural wife would do, but later she agrees because they felt it was one of the commandments of the gospel. So on Tuesday, December 30, 1856, Grandfather and Grandmother made a trip to Salt Lake again to deliver some goods to saints and after doing so went to Brother Richards to again meet Elizabeth Bowers. To make a long story short, they were sealed by Brigham Young and on January 2, 1857, all three started for their home in E. T. They traveled in a heavy snowstorm and were compelled to stop at the point of the mountain for the night."
31 December 1856
On 31 December 1856 Hezekiah married a second wife, Elizabeth Bowers. Elizabeth was born 11 August 1831 in Burslem, Staffordshire, England. They were sealed for time and eternity by Brigham Young.
28 January 1857
Hezekiah's daughter, Priscilla Victoria, was married to Erasmus Christensen.
Adelia Horrocks Cameron: "When Johnson's army was coming to Utah and were to march through Salt Lake and Tooele Valley on the way to the camp, Brigham Young told all to leave their home and march south. Grandfather moved his family to Lehi where they stayed until the danger was over, then they returned. I believe they were away about 4 months. Grandfather had planted potatoes before he left and upon his return found them almost ready to harvest."
NOTE: There is a gap in the journals available to me from 1857 to March 1863. Sidney F. Mitchell
Adelia Horrocks Cameron: "Times were hard at E. T. and getting worse. People were moving away and none were replacing them. Grandfather thought he would make a better living where the land was better and in a place that was more heavily populated. In that way he could pick up more odd jobs to help with necessities. I mentioned before he had filed on a piece of ground in Ogden so he moved his families from E. T. My mother tells of the move. She remembered well. There was not room for all to ride and Mother says she and Sarah drove a few sheep most of the way."
27 December 1857
A son, Brigham Henry Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Elizabeth Bowers Mitchell in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah.
11 August 1860
A son, Hezekiah Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Elizabeth Bowers Mitchell in Salt Lake City, Utah.
29 March 1863
In his journal which began 29 March 1863 Hezekiah wrote of performing the routine matters of life. He attended Church meetings, including general conferences in Salt Lake City. He read Church publications. On 8 July 1863 recorded: "Commenced to assist my Son Frederick in his store." The final journals of his life indicate that Hezekiah was active in the Church and faithful to his responsibilities in the Church to the end of his life. He met many of the early leaders of the Church and heard instruction from all of them at one time or another.
8 July 1863
Hezekiah blessed his son, Hezekiah, born to his wife, Elizabeth Bowers.
24 July 1863
"Invited by Hyram Clawson to the Pioneer party to be held in the New Theatre. A very good social assembledge of brethren and Sisters. In one cottillion in which I danced was President Kimball; enjoyed myself very much, so did everyone apparently, the company of the saints is good."
20 August 1863
"The teams continue to bring in rock for the temple from Big-cottonwood. I say God bless the teams, teamsters and wagons, may the teamster be filled with the spirit so that they can understand the importance of the work (even the temple of God). I reflect on the good work while watching them pass up Main St. loaded with large rock and returning to be reloaded. The work is progresing on the Temple block Cloudy this forenoon. Many are passing to and from the States to California and the mines, in search of wealth and happiness, but they cannot find it only, in the principles of truth, and the kingdom of God. A considerable number of Indians of the Shoeshone tribe came into town yesterday, their horses are in good trim; their chiefs name is (missing). I heard to day that chief Judge Titus says he will make Judges Wait and Drake go into their own districts or otherwise they must leave, for I will not be troubled with their nonsense."
23 August 1863
"Elder Orson Hyde preached in the Bowery this morning; after making a few preliminary remarks he read in the prophesies of Isaiah Chapter, he made good the position he took, showing the prophet had a vision of the dwelling place of the saints, some three thousand years before. God is fulfiliing the word of his prophets ancient and modern sure, those that will may see, he spoke of the wilderness blooming like the rose--of pastures being very extensive for our stock to feed on and of the dwelling of our enemies becoming wast and desolate &c., every thing was made plain and clear so that the description was correctly drawn by Isaiah and clearly laid before us by this servant on Sunday for we are living to see it truly verified to the letter."
25 August 1863
"Some what better. Very warm again. Several emigrants from the mines going to the States. Gold is their God and many of the saints worship him and delight to do homage at his shrine, if people would be settled and established in the truth then all would be well."
30 August 1863
"My son, wife and two children started for Ogden on a visite for a few days, taking eight Sheep and one cow. Sent up one peck of apples and one peck of Peaches for my folks."
31 August 1863
"Oliver Cowdery's two sisters are in the Valley, one is much offend to Poligmy, and the other was hindred by her husband. They may go to California. Communicated by Phineas Young."
16 September 1863
"Report says their are more troops coming here, of a very ruff class, our enimiss may imagin vain things for the destruction of the kingdom and the wicked may rage desperatly but the Lord will have them in time, and he will say to them hitherto thou may go, but do not hurt my saints, they cannot do us harm, all will work for the good and the kingdom will roll on in spite of all opposition."
17 September 1863
"Saw one company of cavalry and three of Infantry come in from California with three cannen. They are haild with pleasure by the gentiles and many professing to be saints are glad they are come, but I despize them because their object is not good; but to put down Poligamy, and destroy the kingdom of God and the anointed of the Lord. I know it is so, by my feellings and the spirit that is within me. The Lord will take care of his people; vengence is his, and he will see to it. The enimies of God will be like chaff before the wind."
18 September 1863
"Report says General Connor has ordred the military at fort Bridger to take all the Powder and shot from the emigrants as they come along, if it is so, it speaks volumes on their evil designs, also from freight trains."
1 October 1863
"Had the news brought to me my Bro. Davis from Ogden that my son-in-law Captain James Brown was dead. He died Wednesday September 30 at eleven O'clock A.M. from a injury he received from the Molasses mill on East."
4 October 1863
"An Accrostic to Captain James Brown
Can it be that James is gone,
Among the spirits, behind the vail to dwell,
Priesthood he held in time,
To all eternity, he'll retain the same.
And with the just, he'll live and rule
In mighty power to build the kingdom up.
Nations may rise and fall, but he lives and will increase.
James has preached the gospel far & near
And said repent, the kingdom's nigh at hand;
Many have heard his voice, obeyed the call;
Eternal truth the same, no matter by whom proclaimed.
Salvations free to all who will receive.
Behold how great is his reward on high.
Returned a little while behind the vail
On earth he'll come again to dwell;
With you his wives and children dear,
Never more to part again!!"
8 October 1863
"Attended conference this afternoon, heard Elder A. M. Lyman of the twelve, he spoke fluently and with eloquency on the duty of the saints being satisfied and contented in the mountains striving honestly to improve and increase in all good things. President Young spoke a few words. Attended Priesthood meeting same evening in the Tabernacle. Good instruction from Bishop Hunter, President Young and G. A. Smith. A subscription was set on foot by President Young for Samuel H. Smith and Joseph F. Smith, son of Hyram Smith who was killed in Carthage jail to give them a start in life for they had been on mission for upwards of seven years. The people responded well. The President said we would give them one thousand dollars each. Confrence adjourned on Fridy 9th. A first rate conference."
17 October 1863
"Heard that Governor Doty was for putting down Poligamy anyhow. Poor Doty!! More over this Doty and general Connor while amongst the Indians North tryed to buy the Lamanites with promises of blankets &c. to assist them against the Mormons, but the Indians would not be bought, but one started to let Brigam know of the wickedness of Governor Doty and general Connor. The Indian says the Mormons are their best friends."
6 October 1863
"Went to the Tabernacle and heard Joseph F. Smith, he spoke on the duties of the saints living their religion and prepare to live for ever. Just like his father Hyrum Smith. In the afternoon Elder Orson Pratt of the twelve preached, a very good discourse. He said he was glad to hear bro Smith, anyone who was acquainted with Hyrum would at once see the image of this Patriarch in his son, his manner, looks, words, speach and gestures are like his father, a very good discourse on the organization of the earth &c."
2 March 1864
"My family came down from Ogden, well considering all things. We all got supper at my son's in the 13th Ward."
30 March 1864
"My Wife, Elizabeth was delivered of a male child at 9 O'clock this morning in a short time, doing well."
"Blest my son, according to the commandment of the Lord on the eighth day and named him Daniel Bowers Mitchell. A fine boy, God bless and prosper him with health and with an abundance of good common sence all his life time."
Thursday 5 May 1864
"I ask President Young about having two persons sealed to me who were dead. He gave me the privilidge to have them."
7 May 1864
"Attended indowment house according to appointment when sister Sarah White and Sarah Rangley (who are dead) were sealed to me by the authority of the Holy Priesthood as wives for all eternity, my wife Sarah acting as proxy for the deseased. President Kimball officiated, Brothers W. Woodruffe and W. W. Phelps were witnesses &C. To God be the glory and praise for ever Amen."
29 May 1864
"Attended Tabernacle and heard G. A. Smith give a detail of their journey to Bear Lake Valley. President Kimball spoke also. In the afternoon while the Bishops were breaking the bread Elders L. Snow and E. T. Benson of the twelve came in having just returned from their Mission from the Sandwich Islands. After investigating the case of Walter M. Gibson they cut him off from the church for disregarding the order of the holy priesthood and its authority. E. T. Benson, L. Snow, W. W. Cluff, A. Smith had a very narrow escape of being drowned. Bro. Snow was some time before he came to life but by timely exertion with good care he carne round after a while. President Young spoke a little while and then took an expresion from the meeting to see if the saints were willing to sanction the doings of Bros Benson and L. Snow in referance to the case of W.M. Gibson, the vote was unanimous, when he was delivered to the buffeting of satan &c."
30 May 1864
A son, Heber Daniel Mitchell, was born to Hezekiah and Elizabeth Bowers Mitchell in Salt Lake City, Utah.
4 June 1864
"My daughters Lavinia and Maria cam down with E. G. Horrocks, the said Horrocks came down to have my daughters Elizabeth and Maria for wives Maria only for time. They were sealed by President Kimball in the indowment house according to the order of the holy priesthood. Had quite a pleasant evening's interview with the newly married and a few friends having songs resitations and other amusements."
5 June 1864
"My daughters with their husband returned to Ogden to day. Very fine morning. Rather better myself."
4 July 1864
"Some little display in commemoration of American Independence. The old Flag was floting in the breeze majestically."
31 December 1864
"Attended quoram meeting in the 18th Ward Assembly rooms, very good time, many of the brethren spoke on the goodness of God and of his power which he displayed in the behalf of his saints. President John Young spoke in his usial brief, enerjetic and spirit reviving manner. There not being a clerk for the quorum for some considerable time past: counsellor E. D. Wooly moved that Bro Hezekiah Mitchell be clerk, seconded by Pret John Young, and put to the meeting in the usial way which was a unanimous vote. About this time finished reading the first volume of Hume's History of England."
5 March 1864
"My wife Sarah went to Ogden with our Son-in-law E. J. Horricks to take care of our daughter Maria who is expecting to be confined in child bearing."
27 March 1864
"Received a letter from my son-in-law at Ogden stating his wife Maria had been delivered of a female child on the 21st in at twenty minutes past seven in the morning and was doing well"
29 March 1867
"About eight o'clock this morning my Second wife Elizabeth was safely delivered of a fine female child. My first wife being Midwife on the occasion, all thing went on well, all was over in about twenty minutes." The daughter was Margaret Selina Teressa Mitchell.
2 April 1867
"Read Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and Italian to my daughter Sarah Ann. I studied Italian on purpose to preach the fulness of the gospel to an Italian whom I was acquainted with; accomplished my object and proved from an Italian Bible our doctrines to be true, he acknowledged I was right but did not imbrace it. I am clear."
4 April 1867
"Went to Deseret News office and left a letter for the Editor; then went to Savage and Ottinger's Fine Art Gallery for my likness. Afterward called at the Historian office to get some books for our Library, got three volumes.
"In the evening went to Bishops meeting in City Hall. Heard G. Q. Cannon on the necessity of the saints being obediant to the counsel of those who are placed over us, and to trade with our own merchants and not support those who would cut our throtes if they had the chance, and also endeaver to get machinery in our midst and be self-sustaining, also he spoke on the word of wisdom. President Brigham Young then arose and bore testimony to the remarks of Bro Cannon, and urged upon the people the importance of sustaining ourselves, living near to God, keeping the word of wisdom, listening to those who are placed over us, even our teachers and Bishops. You must quit every thing that is not right. It seems as though the people would have to tow the mark. He spoke about the people saving their means to purchase their inheritances in Missouri, etc."
5 April 1867
"My son's wife brought up the carridge to take my first wife to have her likeness taken at Savages's place."
19 May 1867
"Blest my daughter and named her Margaret Selena Tresa Mitchell."
Adelia Horrocks Cameron: "Late in 1867, he moved his family to Ogden and settled in the 11th Ward in Salt Lake. They later moved to the 1st Ward. He was the Bishop's Counselor in this ward and he operated a store while living here."
15 March 1868
"Received 2, 0 cts. from my two Boys and daughter for the emigration of the poor from Europe."
2 April 1868
"Went to fast meeting, took seven pounds of flour and one dozen Eggs."
1 January 1870
"Attended the School of the Prophets in the Old Tabernacle. Good instruction given on various subjects pertaining to the Kingdom." 2 January 1870
"Went to meeting in the Tabernacle. Called at my sons in 13th Ward and got dinner with him and his family, my wives being with me."
12 January 1870
"Attended the Utah Central Railroad Celebration Ball, held in the Theatre. A very agreeable party, every thing went of well, peace and harmony prevailed throughout. Many prominent persons attending, it is an important event of our history in these mountains to commence and complete a railroad of some forty miles without any government aid, no other state or Territory in the Union has accomplished as much under such circumstances as we have. God is with his people and his blessings is upon them." F.A.H.F. Mitchell was one of the floor managers for the occasion.
30 January 1870
Hezekiah rode from Salt Lake City to Ogden on the Utah Central Railroad ("our own line"). He wrote that the railroad was just the beginning, that in time they would have steamboats and factories. He marveled that: "Swiftly we went along passing first one settlement and then another till we arrived in Ogden in two hours and a half."
1 March 1870
"Quite an excitement was going on in Washington in this month in regards to a bill which had been got up by certain persons, to put down plural marriage in Utah. The bill which takes away every vestage of social, religious, civil and national rights garanteed to us as Americans by our glorious constitution, and renders about two hundred thousands of people houseless and turned out upon the mercy buss without any show of reason for such an act, because we believe in Poligamy and practdice the same, because God has commanded it. Surely the nation is ripe for destruction. The will of God be done. This infamous and unconstitutional Bill passed the House of Representatives about the twenty second of the month with some of the worst features or sections left out, and was then sent to the Senate. In consequence of the above bill the Ladies of Utah held mass meetings throught the Territory to protest against so an absurd act, and petioned Congress to not so far debase themselves and the nation by making such a bill a law. In Salt Lake City the Ladies held an Indignation meeting in the Tabernacle on the 13th of January 1870, when several ladies spoke on the subject of the bill in such a manner as should convince any sane minded person of the folly of such an act on the part of Congress. Also at Ogden the Ladies held a meeting in the Tabernacle on the same subject, when some very good speeches were delivered by several of them which showed they were not novices in the matter; it was held on the 17th of March 1870."
31 March 1870
"Mass meeting held in the Tabernacle Salt Lake City. Remonstrance, protest and resolutions, with speeches by Hon. Orson Pratt, Judges Stout and Z. Snow. Against "Cullom bill. On the stand were Mayor D. H. Wells, Chief Justice Wilson, Associate Justice Strickland, Hon. O. Pratt, J. Taylor, W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, Jos. A. Young, Elias Smith, J. F. Smith, J. M Bernhisel, Bishop E. Hunter, General H. L. Eldredge, Col. J.C. Little, Thos. Marshall, Esq., J. M. Carter, Esq., Judges Stout, Snow and Miner, and a very large number of prominent citizens." A committee was appointed to draft a resolution to be submitted to Congress protesting the anti-plural marriage bill, called "Remonstrance and Protest." The petition set forth how the Saints had settled the territory and brought progress and civilization to it, and that the Saints comprised almost the entire population. It stated in part: "And we the people who have done this, are believers in the principle of plural marrage or, polygamy, not simply as an elevating social relationship and a prevention of many terrable evils which afflict our race, but as a principle revailed by God, underlying our very hopes of eternal salvation and happiness in Heaven." The petition explained the Latter-day Saint concept of the eternity of the marriage covenant and pointed out that when the practice was undertaken plural marriage was not a crime. It stated that the bill violated the First Amendment to the United States Constitution which guaranteed the free exercise of religion. It also held that the bill violated the ex post facto provision of the U.S. Constitution as being a law that punished an act that was legal when it was performed. The petition continued at length setting forth the position of the people of Utah on the bill. The contents of the petition were set forth in full in Hezekiah's journal.
31 May 1870
"This is my birth day. I am sixty years of age, when I look back I see that the hand of the Lord has been over me and He has delivered me by this power from many great dangers in which it appeared there was (no) chance of escape, but hitherto the Lord has been with me under all circumstances for which I thank him and acknowledge His hand in all His goodness to me. I know he has blesst me and given me grace in the sight of Israel from time to time. He is the Lord and rules amongst his people gloriously; praised be His great name for ever."
20 June 1870
Hezekiah noted the birth of his granddaughter, Eleanor Mary Mitchell, daughter of Frederick Mitchell: "My son's wife was confined and safely delivered of a fine female child at about two in the morning."
21 June 1870
"Called in to see my daughter Margaret and the little new comer, when the following lines were sujested on beholding her little daughter, which is my 22 grandchildren.
Welcome, Welcome, to a Grandpa's arms Thou innocent and lovely guest; My heart with joy and rapture warmd, As thus, I take thee to my brest.
May peace and joy thy pathway be, All through the checkerd sciense of life Which thou has chose on this earth An active part, with us, to take;
The angel of the Lord shall be thy guide, He will direct thy steps aright, For unto thee; in His own time Treasures of knowledge shall be thy part;
Until then, we'll watch with fondest care Thy footseps, in thy onward course To gain a crown and life eternal, In the relms of Celestial bliss.
16 August 1870
"Received a Patriarchal blessing from Patriarch Willm G. Perkins at Sister C. Horrocks. 13th Ward."
Adelia Horrocks Cameron:
"My mother said she never heard him speak a cross word but once in his life. That was when the last flour the family had was on the stove to bake bread for the family's lunch. She was supposed to watch it while the parents were performing outside duties and Mother did not obey but busied herself with other things and forgot the bread. It burned black. When he returned, of course he was upset because there was no bread for the meal so he scolded her and gave her a light slap on the shoulder. It broke her heart."
25 September 1872
Hezekiah Mitchell passed away on 25 September 1872 in Salt Lake City, Utah and was buried in the City Cemetery in Salt Lake City.
10 April 1883
Sarah Mallinson Mitchell died on 10 April 1883 in Salt Lake City ,Utah. She was buried in the City Cemetery, Salt Lake City.
3 April 1889
Elizabeth Bowers Mitchell died on 3 April 1889 in Salt Lake City, Utah.